Walls must be sturdy to fulfill their functions, such as privacy, insulation and weather protection. Some walls simply provide privacy for those enjoying their backyards, while other walls keep heat from escaping or exiting the home. Depending on the project, you’ll have various options to choose from. All walls will eventually need to be rebuilt, but the right wall design will prolong the time between initial construction and repair.
Safety Precautions

Walls can use heavy materials that can fall and cause injury if you do not take the appropriate safety precautions. Wear a hardhat, eye protection and hard tone boots. Wear leather-palmed gloves for when you’re lifting heavy stone objects.

Stone Walls

Stone walls can be dangerous to build because of the weight of the stones. Stone walls usually have varying sized stones, which makes the wall look more attractive. Do not construct the stone wall over frozen ground because when the ground thaws, the stone wall will settle, causing the wall to fall. Avoid having large gaps by forcing stones into gaps using a hammer and put smaller stones into gaps. Fill the gaps in with stone sand.

Retaining Walls

Build retaining walls outside if you want to control water drainage and erosion. You can use the retaining wall to section off a garden space. Retaining walls require that builders move heavy materials, so lift with your knees. Most retaining walls use stackable concrete blocks because stones usually lack the uniformity to create effective retaining walls. After building the retaining wall, you backfill with gravel and then add a layer of topsoil.

Concrete Walls

Concrete masonry walls are much more durable and last longer than walls made out of other materials. You do not have to choose the grey concrete color, since you can have the concrete stained different colors and masonry workers can also give your concrete various other textures, including making the concrete look like stone. Concrete resists fire better than wooden structures, effectively resists heat transfer, making the concrete more energy efficient, and can also resist vibrations, making it an effective sound barrier.

Wooden Wall

Wooden walls are among the oldest options for homes. They give homes a natural look and they are more cost effective than other wall building structures. However, wood is vulnerable to moisture and sun unless you properly coat it with protective chemicals and wood is flammable, compared to masonry.


Drywall, also known as gypsum wall, is one of the most common types of walls used in the home, especially for interior walls. Drywall dominates residential areas because its readily available and cheap, which allowed suburban areas to spring up quickly. The drywall has gypsum plaster between two pieces of heavy paper.